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在家自學

科學課-認識投石機的設計科學與物理意涵 & 動手設計製作古羅馬海上攻城投石機科學作品. (Study of Catapult Design & DIY Catapult Science Toys)

Submitted by Kaipeng21 on Tue, 10/28/2014 - 14:09

今天的科學課學習了彈力位能、動能和能量守恆定律,並實製作了古羅馬海上攻城投石機的模型,從投石過程中去了解能量的轉換。最後孩子們還分組競賽,看看誰能將石頭投進目標,學習物理又可以玩遊戲,大家都好開心啊! 更多科學課的照片請點這裡





















A Reflection on How to Escape Education’s Dead Valley

Submitted by Kaipeng21 on Tue, 10/14/2014 - 06:47


Reflectoin
Author: Jenny Wilkins
Chinese Translator: Kai Peng

After watching this TED Talk several times, it is my belief that Education is about differential instructions. Every child is different. I have two children and they are very different in their personalities, behaviors, and thoughts. If our mainstream education is about to educate them all the same, we are in deep trouble.

Sir Ken Robinson was right on when he spoke about ADHD, it’s really about kids who are being kids but are forced to sit properly and learn hours on end. Although ADHD is real, many children are mis-diagnosed however. A lot of them couldn’t sit still and they are not ADHD, they are just being children. Another thing that really got me to think is if we describe a teacher who is teaching, but his/her students are not learning, then, the teaching is pointless. If we only focus on the subjects that are being tested such as STEM, then, we are not teaching kids broad enough skills. We are doing them a disservice.

When we look at the countries that are having high performing education system, you can quickly find out that they utilize individualized teaching and learning methodology. They made sure that their children are learning skills and knowledge across the spectrum and not to be taught just for testing purposes.

With Owen and Ella being homeschooled, one of my main goal is to make sure they are exposed to skills that are across the board. I want them to go out in the forest to learn how to shoot an arrow, how to cook, how to interact with other adults and kids on top of all the academic subjects that they need to know. People might think how you would have time for all this! Well, that’s the beauty of homeschooling, when the pressure of tests are out of the way, kids can use the time more efficiently and gain more knowledge. I often feel that life skills are a lot more important than academic skills. People often ask me about how I know that my children are up to the “grade level” or keep up with the same age kids. The answer is on some subjects, they are behind and on some subjects they are way ahead. As long as they are learning new information every day, it does not matter how “fast” or “slow” they are learning. It’s about they are enthusiastic about learning. This is the way to cultivate a life-long learner.

When I started homeschooling, I have doubted myself many times and was scared that I wasn’t doing it right and I wasn’t giving Owen and Ella enough material. But gradually, I saw them learning better, happier, engaged, and started to obtain a lot more life skills, that was the affirmation I need to know homeschooling was a right choice for them!


聽了幾次這段演講後,我認為教育應該倡導一種差異化的教學,依據個人的差異和需求做出彈性的調整,因為每一個小朋友都不一樣。我有兩個孩子,他們的個性、行為和想法都是很獨特的。如果我們的教育採用的是一概化的教學方針,使用一樣的教學模式去教導所有的學童,那將衍生許多問題。

肯尼羅賓森在這段演講提到了兩個讓我深思的議題。首先是關於注意力不足過動症(ADHD),雖然這種症狀確實存在,但許多孩童卻沒有被正確地診斷。那些「坐不住」的行為並非歸咎於這種心理缺失,他們只是很正常地展現出一種小孩子的舉動,因為長時間地接受一種強迫性學習,才造就了這種「坐不住」的行為。另一個讓我深思的議題是關於教學的「進行式」和「完成式」。如果一個老師在教課但學生並沒有學習到,老師就只是正在「進行」教學而非「完成」了教學,而這種教學也就沒有意義了。如果我們的教學只注重主流的數學自然和理工科目,為了應付考試而忽略了體育和藝術人文等其他領域,那孩子們不會學到足夠廣泛的技巧,這種教育並沒有達到促進學習的效果。測驗應該只是用來輔助和診斷學習狀況而非主導教育,否則我們只會扼殺了學習。

當我們觀望其他在教育方面名列前茅的國家時,你很快就會發現,它們的教育採用的是一種因材施教的個別化教學,針對個人的能力、興趣和學習困難去調整教學內容。它們確保每一個孩子都能學習到廣泛的、多元化的知識和技巧,考試並非體制的主導,並非學習的最終目的。

在Owen和Ella開始在家自學後,我最主要的教學理念之一,就是希望他們能夠學習到廣泛的、多元化的知識和技巧。比起主流的學業科目,我更希望他們能到叢林裡學習射箭、到廚房學習烹飪和在生活中學習怎麼和其他大小朋友相處。許多人會懷疑我們怎麼能有這麼多時間去學這麼多的瑣事,但這就是在家自學的好處。當考試的壓力沒有了、測驗從教育體制的主導退位以後,孩子們能更有效地運用時間、更有效地去學習更多的知識和技巧。我一直都認為把生活技巧學好比學業科目的學習來得重要。很多人都會問我,要怎麼確保在家自學的孩子能跟得上其他同年級小朋友所學的東西。我的答案是,就某些科目來說,在家自學的進度確實是落後了一點,但他們在其他科目卻也是超前了許多。只要他們每天都可以學習到新的資訊,不論學得快或學得慢,好像都無所謂了。重要的是他們很熱愛學習、很享受學習,因為這是一個邁向終身學習的過程。

在我開始讓孩子們在家自學的時候,我也曾幾度懷疑我自己,害怕自己做了錯誤的選擇,害怕自己沒有辦法教給Owen和Ella那麼多東西。但漸漸地,我看到他們學習得更好、更開心、更熱衷於學習,然後也開始學會了許多生活技能,我不再迷惘,我很肯定讓他們在家自學是一個正確的決定!

在家自學: 閱讀、做總結和研究議題

Submitted by Kaipeng21 on Wed, 10/08/2014 - 11:52

After working on English reading, a paragraph of summary is written. Then, construct your own question based on the reading, and research for the answer. Click here to learn more about our home schooling program.
先閱讀文章再寫一段總結,然後對文章內容提出疑問並上網研究、搜尋答案,更多2014年度的在家自學相關照片請點這裡


在家自學: 打字、寫作和美術合一的學習方式

Submitted by Kaipeng21 on Mon, 10/06/2014 - 08:25

前陣子給孩子們的作業: 先使用電腦打一篇旅遊札記,檢查修正後再抄寫在作業本上,並發揮創意加上一些插圖裝飾。在一個活動中可以練習打字和抄寫文章,又可以增進作文能力和享受美勞的樂趣,使用這種綜合學習的理念就是我們在家自學的方式! 更多Owen和Ella在家自學的相關學習照片請點這裡

Write your travel journal by typing on the computer; after revising it by reading it through and rewording, copy it down on the paper; finishing up the journal with an illustration of your own. Typing, composition, copying, and art skills are practiced in one activity. Talking about integrated curriculum! Click here to learn more about Owen and Ella's home school curriculum.











科學課-探索動物學/仿生學與機器動物的設計 & 動手做機器螃蟹創意科學實驗作品 (Study of Zoology, Bionics, Robots & DIY Robot Crab Science Toys)

Submitted by Kaipeng21 on Tue, 09/23/2014 - 21:30

今天的科學課的主題是仿生學,是一門藉由了解生物構造來研究新技術和新科技的科學,在家自學的孩子製作了機械蜘蛛,還進行了一場拔河比賽呢! 更多這次科學課的照片請點這裡,若對我們的科學課有興趣,歡迎到文瑄語文工作室報名

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