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科學課- A Combination of Art and Science. (當科學遇上藝術!動手玩科學藝術創作!)

Submitted by Kaipeng21 on Wed, 11/12/2014 - 13:18

這次的科學課結合了科學和藝術兩大領域,在杯子底部打了一個洞,運用物體週期性的旋轉使杯中的醬油規律性的灑到畫作上,形成一個唯美的圖案,影片中是Owen的作品!


What is "Education"?

Submitted by Kaipeng21 on Thu, 10/30/2014 - 02:45

Take a moment and think about what the word "education" means. What does it mean to you? Does the word mean going to school every day? Does it mean gaining knowledge taught by teachers at school? Or does it mean learning in general?

The definition from Merriam-Webster is as the following:
1. The action or process of teaching someone especially in a school, college, or university
2. The knowledge, skill, and understanding that you get from attending a school, college, or university
3. A field of study that deals with the methods and problems of teaching

To me, education means someone learns how to think effectively, logically, and critically. Just as what Dr. Martin Luther King detailed out," Intelligence plus character - that is the goal of true education. The complete education gives one not only power of concentration, but worthy objectives upon which to concentrate." In-school education or not, the goal should be cultivating young people to be incisive thinkers and to gain knowledge through experience, good or bad. Therefore we must teach all aspects of life to children including music, art, behaviors, and social living. Nowadays, our education has skewed to only focus on academic achievement. We have neglected what all other things that kids need to grow. Plants can't grow just with water, it needs carbon-dioxide, sunlight, and other nutrients. By the same token, kids can't develop properly if they only receive academic stimulus. They also need everything else.

"If we are not careful, our colleges will produce a group of close-minded, unscientific, illogical propagandists, consumed with immoral acts." Dr. Martin Luther King said. Let's be careful, let's work with kids and make sure they are learning all what they need to learn.

所謂的「教育」到底是什麼? 是每天去學校上學? 還是在學校吸收老師傳授的知識? 又或者,只是學習的一種統稱? 韋氏字典對「教育」的定義為:
1. 一個教學培育的行為或過程,通常在學校、學院或大學中進行
2. 在學校、學院或大學所獲取的知識、技巧和理解能力
3. 一個關於教學方法和教學問題的研究領域

對我來說,教育是指一個人學習如何分辨事物邏輯、衡量正反因素、並從而做出客觀理性分析的過程。就像美國民權運動領袖馬丁路德金恩博士所說的: 「智慧加上品格才是教育真正的目標,完整的教育不僅要讓學生專注,還要讓學生專注地學習他們覺得值得去學的東西。」無論教育是否在學校進行,教學的目標都應該是讓孩子去體驗生活的好與壞,進而從中培養思考的能力。因此,我們應該讓孩子去學習音樂、美術、操行品德和社交能力,而不是只去學習國、英、數、自、社等學業科目。現今的教育太過重視於主科而忽略了其他藝能科目和生活技巧,使得孩子們沒辦法均衡地學到生活的每一個層面。植物成長需要的不只是水分,它還需要二氧化碳、陽光和養分等其他要件。相對的,孩子的成長需要的也不只是學業科目,他們也需要其他層面的知識、技巧和經驗。

「如果我們不再小心,我們的教育將培養出一群缺乏思想、沒有邏輯和判斷能力的鼓吹者,讓社會充斥著一種不道德。」馬丁路德博士說道。所以,讓我們一起和孩子面對問題、確保孩子學到他們應該學的。

科學課-探索鳥類的科學 & 動手設計製作動態鳥類科學作品 (Introduction to Birds & DIY Bird Interesting Science Toys)

Submitted by Kaipeng21 on Tue, 10/21/2014 - 11:54

今天的科學課在家自學的孩子們探討了鳥類的演化過程,並動手設計了動態鳥類的模型,轉動把手鳥類模型就會展翅飛翔,影片中是Owen的作品!!


A Reflection on How to Escape Education’s Dead Valley

Submitted by Kaipeng21 on Tue, 10/14/2014 - 06:47


Reflectoin
Author: Jenny Wilkins
Chinese Translator: Kai Peng

After watching this TED Talk several times, it is my belief that Education is about differential instructions. Every child is different. I have two children and they are very different in their personalities, behaviors, and thoughts. If our mainstream education is about to educate them all the same, we are in deep trouble.

Sir Ken Robinson was right on when he spoke about ADHD, it’s really about kids who are being kids but are forced to sit properly and learn hours on end. Although ADHD is real, many children are mis-diagnosed however. A lot of them couldn’t sit still and they are not ADHD, they are just being children. Another thing that really got me to think is if we describe a teacher who is teaching, but his/her students are not learning, then, the teaching is pointless. If we only focus on the subjects that are being tested such as STEM, then, we are not teaching kids broad enough skills. We are doing them a disservice.

When we look at the countries that are having high performing education system, you can quickly find out that they utilize individualized teaching and learning methodology. They made sure that their children are learning skills and knowledge across the spectrum and not to be taught just for testing purposes.

With Owen and Ella being homeschooled, one of my main goal is to make sure they are exposed to skills that are across the board. I want them to go out in the forest to learn how to shoot an arrow, how to cook, how to interact with other adults and kids on top of all the academic subjects that they need to know. People might think how you would have time for all this! Well, that’s the beauty of homeschooling, when the pressure of tests are out of the way, kids can use the time more efficiently and gain more knowledge. I often feel that life skills are a lot more important than academic skills. People often ask me about how I know that my children are up to the “grade level” or keep up with the same age kids. The answer is on some subjects, they are behind and on some subjects they are way ahead. As long as they are learning new information every day, it does not matter how “fast” or “slow” they are learning. It’s about they are enthusiastic about learning. This is the way to cultivate a life-long learner.

When I started homeschooling, I have doubted myself many times and was scared that I wasn’t doing it right and I wasn’t giving Owen and Ella enough material. But gradually, I saw them learning better, happier, engaged, and started to obtain a lot more life skills, that was the affirmation I need to know homeschooling was a right choice for them!


聽了幾次這段演講後,我認為教育應該倡導一種差異化的教學,依據個人的差異和需求做出彈性的調整,因為每一個小朋友都不一樣。我有兩個孩子,他們的個性、行為和想法都是很獨特的。如果我們的教育採用的是一概化的教學方針,使用一樣的教學模式去教導所有的學童,那將衍生許多問題。

肯尼羅賓森在這段演講提到了兩個讓我深思的議題。首先是關於注意力不足過動症(ADHD),雖然這種症狀確實存在,但許多孩童卻沒有被正確地診斷。那些「坐不住」的行為並非歸咎於這種心理缺失,他們只是很正常地展現出一種小孩子的舉動,因為長時間地接受一種強迫性學習,才造就了這種「坐不住」的行為。另一個讓我深思的議題是關於教學的「進行式」和「完成式」。如果一個老師在教課但學生並沒有學習到,老師就只是正在「進行」教學而非「完成」了教學,而這種教學也就沒有意義了。如果我們的教學只注重主流的數學自然和理工科目,為了應付考試而忽略了體育和藝術人文等其他領域,那孩子們不會學到足夠廣泛的技巧,這種教育並沒有達到促進學習的效果。測驗應該只是用來輔助和診斷學習狀況而非主導教育,否則我們只會扼殺了學習。

當我們觀望其他在教育方面名列前茅的國家時,你很快就會發現,它們的教育採用的是一種因材施教的個別化教學,針對個人的能力、興趣和學習困難去調整教學內容。它們確保每一個孩子都能學習到廣泛的、多元化的知識和技巧,考試並非體制的主導,並非學習的最終目的。

在Owen和Ella開始在家自學後,我最主要的教學理念之一,就是希望他們能夠學習到廣泛的、多元化的知識和技巧。比起主流的學業科目,我更希望他們能到叢林裡學習射箭、到廚房學習烹飪和在生活中學習怎麼和其他大小朋友相處。許多人會懷疑我們怎麼能有這麼多時間去學這麼多的瑣事,但這就是在家自學的好處。當考試的壓力沒有了、測驗從教育體制的主導退位以後,孩子們能更有效地運用時間、更有效地去學習更多的知識和技巧。我一直都認為把生活技巧學好比學業科目的學習來得重要。很多人都會問我,要怎麼確保在家自學的孩子能跟得上其他同年級小朋友所學的東西。我的答案是,就某些科目來說,在家自學的進度確實是落後了一點,但他們在其他科目卻也是超前了許多。只要他們每天都可以學習到新的資訊,不論學得快或學得慢,好像都無所謂了。重要的是他們很熱愛學習、很享受學習,因為這是一個邁向終身學習的過程。

在我開始讓孩子們在家自學的時候,我也曾幾度懷疑我自己,害怕自己做了錯誤的選擇,害怕自己沒有辦法教給Owen和Ella那麼多東西。但漸漸地,我看到他們學習得更好、更開心、更熱衷於學習,然後也開始學會了許多生活技能,我不再迷惘,我很肯定讓他們在家自學是一個正確的決定!

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